Name – Osiris/Usir
Name Meaning – The Mighty One/The Seat of the Eye
Pantheon – Egyptian
Animals – Ram
Symbols – Atef Crown, Crook & Flail
Colors – Depicted as Green or Black
God of – Fertility, agriculture, the after-life. The dead, resurrection, life and vegetation.
Osiris is the first born of the god Geb, the Earth and of the goddess of the sky, Nut. He had two sons, Horus the younger, born to Isis posthumously and Anubis born to Nephthys, Set’s wife, after she disguised herself as Isis. He is often depicted as a man that is either gold or black skinned, representing fertility and death, who has a pharaoh’s beard, an atef crown with two ostrich feathers on either side of his crown, holding a crook and a flail in each hand and the bottom half of him is wrapped like a mummy, this important piece of information will be explained in a moment.
Originally Osiris ruled over Egypt and it was seen to be a time of peace and prosperity. Set, jealous of his brother’s success and his wife sleeping with said brother, set about to murder Osiris. He crafted a beautiful box that was the exact size of Osiris and presented it at a party claiming that whomever fit inside the box would be given it as a prize. When it was Osiris turn to lay in the box, he fit perfectly. Set slammed the lid closed, sealed it with lead and threw it into the Nile.
Down the Nile the box went until it went into the sea and became lodged in a tamarish tree near Byblos. The tree grew around the box until it was completely contained. The King of Byblos not knowing what the tree contained, cut it down and how it installed in his palace. In that box Osiris remained and died. Isis, the ever devoted wife searched for her husband and soon discovered his location. Some goddess shenanigans later and she was gifted the pillar that contained her husband by the king.
After leaving with the pillar, she cut his body out and swept him away to the swampy region of the Nile delta to hide him from Set. Leaving Osiris body in the care of Nephthys, she went to gather herbs to bring her husband back to life. Set had other plans. Learning that his brother’s body had been located, he set off to make sure that there was no way Isis would be able to bring him back to life. Set managed to get Osiris’s location from Nephthys and proceeded to chop it and spread the body parts over the land and into the Nile.
When Isis returned to the location of her husband’s body, she discovered that she had yet another quest to go on to retrieve his body parts. In this, she had some help from Nephthys and were able to recover all of the pieces. Maybe. There is some discrepancy in the myth of the murder of Osiris when it comes to his, how to say this, male member. In some stories Isis kept this piece herself to impregnate herself to give birth to their son Horus and in other tales, it was eaten by a fish. Either way, Osiris was missing his manhood and was unable to return to life because of not being whole.
With the help of Anubis and Thoth, Isis was able to bring bring Osiris back to life, sort of, by making him the very first mummy. Him being the very first mummy, is why he is often depicted with leg wrapping. Told you I would get back to that. Despite being brought back to life, he leaves and goes to the land of the dead where he becomes the Lord and Judge of the dead. This myth, is at least this is one of the myths that surround Osiris’s death and his ascension to the throne to rule over the after-life.
Due to Osiris rebirth, he became a god of rebirth, fertility, the afterlife, resurrection, and as of agriculture and vegetation. The flooding of the Nile everywhere was seen as a blessing from Osiris and in some cases, it was considered to be Osiris body fluids that helped aid the growth of the fields. Some even saw the grain seeds that were planted as dead Osiris and the grain that grew from those seeds as the resurrected Osiris.
So if you are looking for an Egyptian God of rebirth, look no further than Osiris.
Until next time witches. May the brew in your cauldron never burn and your broom never splinter.